Recent Changes in Migration Movements and Policies: Lithuania
Abstract:Emigration continues to dominate migration movements in Lithuania, despite some signs that this is gradually slowing down and immigration increasing. Recorded emigration in 2006 was around 12 600. Based on surveys carried out in 2006 and 2007 which showed that around 60% of emigrants are undeclared, the Lithuanian Statistical Department estimates total emigration for 2006 as 27 800. Both declared and undeclared emigration has declined since 2005 (by 19% for declared and 58% for undeclared) despite the fact that in 2006 six additional EU countries opened their labour markets to Lithuanian citizens. The main destination country remains the United Kingdom, followed by Ireland, Germany and Spain. Although relatively lower than in the neighbouring Baltic countries Estonia and Latvia (where they amount to 4% and 10% of GDP, respectively) , migrant remittances reached 614 million Euros in 2006 representing 2.6% of Lithuania's GDP.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: September 1, 2008