Recent Changes in Migration Movements and Policies: Italy
Permanent immigration to Italy continues to be significant and largely employment based. Labour immigration is subject to annual numerical limits ("quotas") applied to employer requests for foreign workers. These quotas have been raised over the past few years to meet forecasted demand. In both 2006 and 2007 the quotas were set at 170 000, twice the 2005 figure. About 520 000 applications for permits were made in 2006, when employers filed requests through the post office. The government later decided to accept all applications, but administrative delays meant that most applications were not considered until the end of 2006, when Romanian and Bulgarian citizens became exempt from the procedure. Excluding Romanian and Bulgarian citizens, as well as incomplete and duplicate applications, the actual number of applications approved was about 253 000. The 2007 quotas contained a larger number of reserved set‐asides than the previous year.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2008-09-01