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Recent Changes in Migration Movements and Policies: Hungary

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Compared to other OECD countries, migration movements play a limited role in Hungary. This appears to be the case for both in‐ and outflows, although the current registration system is not designed for monitoring long‐term emigration. Immigrants account for less than 2% of the population, and the vast majority of these are Hungarian speaking. After the 2005 peak with an inflow of almost 25 600 foreign nationals, immigration to Hungary decreased by 14% to about 19 400 in 2006. In spite of a strong decline in recent years, Romanians remained the main nationality concerned (about 6 800, compared to more than 12 100 in 2004), followed by Ukrainians. Chinese are now the third most important nationality among the inflows, following a strong increase (almost 1 500 in 2006, compared to about 550 in 2005).

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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