This edition focuses on the employment situation of immigrants. For the first time, this report presents a "scoreboard" of labour‐market integration of immigrants, as well as an analysis of wage differentials between immigrants and the native‐born.The
publication also examines the new laws governing immigrants' entry, stay and access to the labour market. The selective recruitment of immigrants according to labour market needs is described, as are measures to facilitate the integration of immigrants. International
cooperation to improve border control and to combat irregular migration is analysed in detail.Two special chapters analyse topical issues. The first addresses the management of migration of lower‐skilled workers and reviews the different types of existing temporary and
permanent programmes. Special attention is devoted to the issue of illegal employment of foreigners and to regularisation programmes. The second chapter presents an in‐depth study of return migration and looks at its impact on the economic development of sending
countries. A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each table and graph. It directs the user to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel® format.
Editorial: Temporary Labour Migration: An Illusory Promise?
.IntroductionPART I. RECENT TRENDS IN INTERNATIONAL MIGRATIONA. Trends in Migration Flows and in the Immigrant Population‐1. Introduction‐2. Permanent‐type immigration‐3. Immigration by category of entry‐4.
Unauthorised migration‐5. The continents, regions and countries of origin of immigrants‐6. Temporary migration.‐7. The immigrant population ‐ its size and characteristics‐8. Migration of the highly educated‐9.
The evolution of the educational attainment of immigrants‐Annex Chart I.A.1. Percentage of native‐born and foreign‐born with low and high attainment levels, by age, circa 2001B. Immigrants and the Labour Market‐1. Introduction‐2.
Labour market dynamics in OECD countries: the contribution of immigrant employment‐3. The sectoral and occupational distribution of immigrants‐4. Integration of immigrants into the labour market in OECD countries‐5. A first glance at wage differentials
between immigrants and native‐born across the OECD‐Annex Table I.B.1. Labour market situation of foreign‐ and native‐born populations in selected OECD countries, 1995, 2000 and 2005‐2006‐Annex Table I.B.2.
Labour market situation of foreigners and nationals in selected OECD countries, 1995, 2000 and 2005‐2006C. Migration Policy Development‐1. Introduction‐2. Structural and institutional reforms in the development and delivery of policy‐3.
International agreements between countries‐4. The implications of EU legislation‐5. Border control and illegal migration‐6. Policies with respect to labour migration‐7. Integration, residence and citizenship policies‐8.
Developments in humanitarian policies‐9. International students‐10. Conclusion.PART II. MANAGEMENT OF LOW‐SKILLED LABOUR MIGRATION‐Introduction‐1. Low‐skilled labour migration‐2. Managed labour migration
for the low‐skilled?‐3. Current unmanaged pathways‐Conclusion‐Annex II.A1.1. Temporary work permit programmes for low‐skilled workers‐Annex II.A1.2. Labour market tests in different OECD countriesPART
III. RETURN MIGRATION: A NEW PERSPECTIVEIntroductionMain findings‐1. Measuring return migration‐2. The determinants of return migration: from theory to practice‐3. Immigration policies and their impact on return migration‐4.
Return migration and the development of the origin countryConclusion‐Annex III.A1. Inflows and outflows of foreigners in selected OECD countries‐Annex III.A2. Inflows and outflows of migrants from Australia, Belgium, Sweden, Austria
and Japan, various nationalities.‐Annex III.A3. Main voluntary assisted return programmes in selected OECD countriesPART IV, RECENT CHANGES IN MIGRATION MOVEMENTS AND POLICIES (COUNTRY NOTES)‐Autralia‐Austria‐Belgium‐Bulgaria‐Canada‐Czech
Republic‐Spain‐Sweden‐Sweden‐Switzerland‐Turkey‐United Kingdom‐United StatesSTATISTICAL ANNEX‐Introduction‐Inflows and outflows of foreign population.‐Inflows of asylum seekers‐Stocks of foreign and foreign‐born
population‐Acquisition of nationality‐Inflows of foreign workers‐Stocks of foreign and foreign‐born labour