Various policy instruments ‐ migration and development‐assistance policies, but also trade polices ‐ are interrelated and the flows to which they give rise ‐ migrants, remittances, aid spending, exports and imports ‐ are likewise
interlinked. Looking more closely at these policies, exploiting synergies and avoiding the emergence of "coherence orphans" (i.e. countries that receive aid but do not benefit from any of the other flows) can more effectively achieve global poverty‐reduction
goals. Trade benefits flow more to middle‐income countries where most low‐skill migrants originate and aid flows to lower‐income countries which suffer most from brain drain. The relationships among these flows present a strong case for more coherent decision
making among the corresponding policy communities.