Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$32.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Repatriation is more common than many observers recognise. Return can be voluntary, provoked by retirement, changes in migration law, the end of a contract, as a condition of entry or (in the case of many irregular migrants) the result of deportation. Involuntary return is difficult to sustain. More generally, reintegration of returnees in the source country depends on the intentions of the returning migrants, their level of skills and whether these have been maintained or whether new skills have been acquired abroad, and the institutional infrastructure migrants are returning to. Circular migration can benefit both the migrant and the source country, in part by encouraging the circulation of skills.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2007-11-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more