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Among OECD member countries, France is one of those most affected by the challenges of an ageing public sector. Large‐scale retirements have already begun in some sectors and will increase dramatically between 2009 and 2015. Several policy challenges have
arisen from this structural development. Between now and 2020, public expenditures devoted to pension benefits are projected to double, as roughly one‐third of the current workforce retires. As the proportion of public expenditures dedicated to paying pension
benefits increases in proportion to those for public service delivery, the process of budgetary "arbitration" is expected to be completely transformed.