Sweden is not among the countries that generally come to mind when one considers the question of immigration in OECD countries and the integration of immigrants in the labour market. Yet it figures among OECD countries that have a relatively high share of foreign‐born
persons in its population (12.4%), almost as many in relative terms as the United States. This is not a recent development. At the beginning of the 1990s, the percentage was already between 9 and 10%, among them guest‐worker
migrants from the 1960s and early 1970s, persons from other Nordic countries having moved in the context of the Nordic common labour market (since 1954) and refugees and their families, for whom Sweden has long been viewed as a haven. However, apart from
the free movement of persons from other Nordic countries and more recently, from other countries of the European Union, there has been little labour migration in Sweden since the first oil crisis.