Improving the performance of youth in the labour market is a crucial challenge in OECD countries facing persistent youth unemployment. As the labour market becomes more and more selective, a lack of relevant skills brings a higher risk of unemployment. Whatever the
level of qualification, first experiences in the labour market have a profound influence on later working life. Getting off to a good start facilitates integration and lays the foundation for a good career, while a poor beginning can be difficult to make up. Ensuring
a good start requires co‐coordinated policies to bring the education system closer to the labour market, to help disadvantaged young people to find a job or participate in a training course and to facilitate the hiring of young people by firms. OECD has launched a series
of reports on the school‐to‐work transition process in sixteen countries including Spain. Each report surveys the main barriers to employment for young people, and assesses the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school
to work. Each report also provides a set of policy recommendations for further action by the public authorities and social partners. This report is based on the proceedings of a seminar and is published in English only. However, a French translation of the summary
and main recommendations has been included in this volume.