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The new pension system, introduced in 1999, applies to people born in 1954 and after. The old and the new systems will cover older workers proportionally: people born 1938‐1953 will receive pensions under a mix of the old and new rules. The earnings‐related part is based on notional accounts and there is a small mandatory contribution to individual, defined‐contribution funded pensions. There is also a pension‐income‐tested top‐up. Occupational pension plans ‐ with defined‐benefit and defined‐contribution elements ‐ have broad coverage.
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Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2007-06-01

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