The informal economy forms a large part of the economies of many developing and transition countries. It comprises 42% of value added in Africa, 41% in Latin America and 35% in the transition economies of Europe and the former Soviet Union, compared
with 13.5% in OECD countries. The informal economy provides employment and income for many who lose or cannot find work in the formal economy, and it includes a disproportionate number of women, young people and others from disadvantaged groups. For
example, it has been estimated that informal employment accounts for 84% of women's employment in sub‐Saharan Africa.