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The data on suicides presented in this section are based on official registers providing information on "causes of death" of each person in each year, as presented in OECD (2006). These suicide rates are standardised to remove the effect of differences in age structures across countries and over time by using the OECD population structure in 1980, and are expressed per 100 000 individuals. The World Health Organisation defines "suicide" as an act deliberately initiated and performed by a person in the full knowledge or expectation of its fatal outcome. Crosscountry comparability of suicide data is affected by the criteria retained by certifying officers to establish the person's "intention" of killing themselves, by who is responsible for filling the death certificate, the frequency of forensic investigations, confidentiality rules on the causes of death of each person. All of these factors are affected by the cultural and religious context of each country

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: February 1, 2007

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