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Crime is not only a cause of suffering to victims and their families but also a manifestation of the extreme marginalisation from mainstream society that affects some individuals. Crime also generates high costs to society in the form of imprisonment, where these costs are normally justified by reference to a combination of three societal "needs": to inflict retribution, to deter others from behaving in a similar way, and to prevent re‐offending.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: February 1, 2007

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