In the definition of the International Labour Organisation, a person is considered as "employed" if he or she works for pay, profit or family gain (in cash or in kind) for at least one hour per week, or is temporarily absent from work because of
illness, holidays or industrial disputes. The data from labour force surveys of OECD countries used in this section rely on this definition. The basic indicator for employment used here is the employment‐topopulation ratio (also called employment rate),
which is measured as the proportion of the population of working age (persons aged between 15 and 64) who are employed, either as a self‐employed or as an employee. Employment rates are presented for individuals grouped by age, gender and educational attainment.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: February 1, 2007
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