OECD Employment Outlook - 2006 Edition: Boosting Jobs and Incomes (Complete Edition - ISBN 9264023844)
Source: SourceOECD Social Issues/Migration/Health, Volume 2006, Number 6, September 2006 , pp. i-281(281)
Abstract:As ageing populations put more downward pressure on economic growth in the coming decades, it is essential that OECD countries improve labour market performance. This edition of OECD's annual report on labour markets brings the reader not only detailed information on recent labour market developments, but also in-depth analysis of the effects of various policy measures and prospects through 2007. The analysis includes coverage of the impact of welfare systems; labour market programmes; wage-setting and taxes; product market regulations; and policies targeting specific groups including women, youth, immigrants, and prime-age workers. It examines policy interactions and complementarities and re-assesses OECD's 1994 Jobs Strategy in the light of recent developments. This book includes StatLinks, URLs which link statistical tables and graphs to Excel spreadsheets on the internet. Editorial - Boosting Jobs and IncomesChapter 1. Short-term Labour Market Prospects and Introduction to the OECD Jobs Strategy Reassessment-Introduction-1. Recent labour market developments and prospects--Economic outlook to the year 2007--Employment and unemployment--Real compensation-2. Reassessing the OECD Jobs Strategy--Purpose and scope of the reassessment--How this issue of the OECD Employment Outlook contributes to the reassessment of the 1994 Jobs StrategyChapter 2. Labour Market Performance since 1994 and Future Challenges -1. Aggregate labour market performance -2. Labour market performance for particular groups-3. Trends in income distribution and working conditions since 1994-4. The current situation and future challenges-Notes Chapter 3. General Policies to Improve Employment Opportunities for All -1. Macroeconomic policy and labour market performance--1.1. Inflation and monetary policy--1.2. Fiscal policy--1.3. Coordination of macroeconomic and structural policies-2. Impact of welfare systems and labour market programmes on participation and employment--2.1. Unemployment benefits and the incentive to find a job--2.2. The combined impact of social protection benefits and taxes on labour supply and policies to make work pay --2.3. Active labour market programmes and strategies for activating the unemployed--2.4. Policy issues related to welfare benefits that typically have not been conditional on availability for work -3. Impact of wage-setting, taxes and labour- and product-market regulation on labour demand and employment --3.1. Wage-setting institutions and policies--3.2. Taxation of labour income--3.3. Employment protection legislation--3.4. Working-time arrangements--3.5. Product market regulations-4. Lifelong learning and training policies--4.1. The policy challenge--4.2. Implications for policy--NotesChapter 4. Policies Targeted at Specific Workforce Groups or Labour Market Segments - 1. Promoting employment prospects of under-represented groups --1.1. Measures to increase participation of women--1.2. Measures to increase participation of older people--1.3. Promoting employment prospects of youth--1.4. Promoting employment prospects of immigrants-2. Assisting workers in disadvantaged regions-3. Facilitating transitions from informal work to formal employment -NotesChapter 5. Social Implications of Policies Aimed at Raising Employment -1. Trends in income inequality and poverty: the link to changes in labour market performance --1.1. Income inequality and changes in unemployment and employment --1.2. Poverty incidence and persistence over the 1990s: overall and for specific groups --1.3. Impact of labour market institutions on household income inequality and poverty--1.4. Conclusion-2. Implications for job stability and career paths--2.1. Temporary jobs: evidence and policy implications --2.2. Low-pay incidence: patterns and policy significance--NotesChapter 6. Understanding Policy Interactions and Complementarities, and their Implication for Reform Strategies-1. Labour market policies and institutions and the macroeconomic environment--1.1. The interaction between macroeconomic shocks and labour market policies and institutions--1.2. Labour market reforms improve the macroeconomic and public finance performance-2. Policy interactions and packages--2.1. Existing policy packages and employment performance--2.2. Policy interactions-3. Political economy of reforms--3.1. Distributional and timing effects--3.2. The role of policy design in overcoming adverse distributional and timing effects--Notes--Annex 6.A1.
Document Type: Review article
Publication date: 2006-09-01