How can the performance of the Korean health care system be improved? How have the July 2000 health sector reforms affected performance? How can equity of finance and equity of access be maintained in a system relying to a large extent on consumer responsibility for health spending? What style and form of government intervention is needed to stimulate value for money from health expenditure growth and evidence based practice in a system dominated by the private sector? Can consumer responsibility alone maintain expenditure growth along a sustainable path? This book addresses this and other questions. It investigates a set of policy challenges concerning the type of government interventions that are needed to promote health systems objectives in a mixed public‐private context.