Ageing and Employment Policies/Vieillissement et politiques de l'emploi Sweden The challenge ahead
Over the past three decades, the demographic position of Sweden has changed considerably. The Swedish population is ageing rapidly and as a result, has experienced a notable increase in the average age of the population. Key factors behind the transition include declining fertility rates and rising life expectancy. Throughout the years, the Swedish fertility rate has been characterised by dramatic upswings and downturns. The past two decades have been no exception. During the 1980s, social reforms are said to have played a role in rising fertility rates - the fertility rate jumped from 1.6 in 1984 to peak at 2.1 in 1991. However, since the onset of the economic recession in the early 1990s the fertility has dropped considerably and reached around 1.6 in 2001. Despite the sharp drop in the 1990s, Sweden has an average fertility rate by European standards...
Page Count: 20
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: May 1, 2003