OECD Employment Outlook 2002 Edition (Complete Edition - ISBN 9264197788)
A BETTER START FOR YOUTHS? Favourable demographic trends, the prolonged cyclical upswing and a wave of new or expanded labour market programmes appear to have led to some improvement in prospects for young people. OECD countries differ widely in terms of how often students combine work and job search with study.
WOMEN AT WORK: WHO ARE THEY AND HOW ARE THEY FARING? One of the most profound labour market developments in OECD countries over the past few decades has been the continued progress made by women. Nonetheless, a substantial gender employment gap remains in many OECD countries - particularly for less-educated women and mothers - and women continue to earn less than men and to work in different occupations.
TAKING THE MEASURE OF TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENTThe share of workers in temporary jobs varies greatly among OECD countries, ranging from one in three in Spain to one in 20 in the United Kingdom and the United States. Workers in temporary jobs have lower pay than permanent workers and are less able to access some key fringe benefits and employer-provided training; however, many are able to move into permanent jobs over a relatively short time span.
THE INS AND OUTS OF LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENTSuccessful measures to tackle broadly defined long-term unemployment should make it possible to bring more people into the labour force. A key question is whether the policy emphasis should be on "preventing" or on "curing" long-term unemployment? Can statistical "profiling" of the unemployed help resolve this dilemma? How can the "carousel" effects that promote recurrent unemployment be avoided?
AND THE TWAIN SHALL MEET: CROSS-MARKET EFFECTS OF PRODUCT AND LABOUR MARKET POLICIESProduct market regulations appear to affect workers' employment opportunities, wages and, perhaps, job security. Similarly, wage bargaining structures and employment protection rules affect the incentives for business to invest in new technologies. Effective co-ordination of labour and product market policies may contribute to better outcomes in both markets.
Page Count: 336 Figure Count: 81 Table Count: 89
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2002-07-01