Trends in International Migration: SOPEMI 1999 Edition
Recent immigration trends in OECD countries are registering a slight upturn following the slowdown which began in 1993. In certain countries, this upturn results from improvements in the employment situation. In others, it corresponds more to either a surge in the numbers of refugees and asylum seekers, principally from Kosovo and Albania (to Austria, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden) or to the implementation of regularisation programmes (in France, Greece and the United States). Temporary inflows of highly skilled workers continue to increase. Contrary to expectations, although the financial crises in Asia have had a major impact on migration movements within that region, they have not led to significant increases in emigration to OECD countries. This report presents an analysis of recent trends in migration movements and policies in OECD countries as well as in certain non-member countries. It includes a detailed description of the flows, the different channels of immigration and the nationalities of the migrants concerned. It highlights the contribution of immigration to increases in the total population and the labour force and describes the changes which have taken place in the sectoral distribution of foreign workers. This report also provides details of the significant changes that many host countries (such as Australia, France, Italy, the Netherlands, the United-Kingdom and Poland) have made to their legislation in order to obtain greater control over migration flows and to redefine entry criteria in such a way as to render them more selective and more oriented towards the needs of the labour market. Finally, this report also presents an inventory of policies implemented to improve the integration of immigrants and to extend international co-operation. Special attention is paid to the links between globalisation, migration and development. Beside this overall analysis, the reader will also find: - Detailed notes presenting the main migration characteristics of each country. - An analysis of the economic and political implications of irregular immigration illustrating the different situations of irregularity, the methods employed to measure its extent, its impact on the labour market and the sanctions imposed on employers. - A statistical annex containing the most recent available data on foreign and immigrant populations, foreign workers, migration flows and naturalisations. Forthcoming For more detailed statistics on migration, you can also consult OECD Statistics on International Migration, in a new edition coming out on diskette in December 1999. It works under Beyond 20/20TM (WindowsTM), a new, very user-friendly software programme that will enable you to extract data and create tables and figures so that you can carry out your own analyses. This database comprises not only the series dating back to 1980 that are published in the statistical annex of our latest edition, but also macroeconomic data on the socio-economic characteristics of sending and receiving countries (total population and labour force, GDP, trade, remittances and official development assistance).
Page Count: 324 Figure Count: 100 Table Count: 185
No Supplementary Data
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 1999-12-01