Trends in International Migration: 1998 Edition

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Abstract:



Recent trends in international migration during the second half of the 1990s confirm the slowdown in inflows which began in 1993. Yet, immigration remains a major concern of OECD countries. Extension of the process of globalisation is creating the conditions favourable to increased factor mobility and therefore to the diversification of migration flows. Moreover, the recent crisis in Asia has already had a major impact on migration flows in that region and could potentially have significantly wider effects.This analysis of the recent trends of migration movements and policies covers all OECD countries and certain non-member countries. It provides a comprehensive description of these flows, the different channels of immigration and the nationalities of the migrants concerned. It shows that the recipient countries' admission criteria are becoming more selective and increasingly oriented towards the needs of the labour market. It underlines the contribution of immigration to the increase in the total population and labour force and describes the changes which have taken place in the sectoral distribution of foreign workers. This report also examines recent policy developments aimed at better controlling the flows, improving the integration of immigrants and extending international co-operation. Particular attention is given to the links between migration, free trade and regional economic integration.This overall analysis is completed by:- Thirty detailed country notes presenting the main migration characteristics of each country.- A special comparative study on the temporary employment of foreigners describing the different categories of workers involved as well as the manner of their recruitment and the conditions of their stay in OECD countries. - A comprehensive statistical annex providing the most up-to-date data on foreign and immigrant populations, foreign workers, migration flows and naturalisations.

Page Count: 281 Figure Count: 68 Table Count: 183

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: October 1, 1998

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