In both the Paris Declaration and the Accra Agenda for Action, partner countries committed to assess and reform their national systems for managing development resources to ensure that these are effective, accountable and transparent. This chapter outlines the PFM
reform trends in partner countries before turning to the key drivers of successful PFM reforms. The role of the political economy in PFM reform is crucial: without grounding these reforms in political reality, they are unlikely to be sustainable or achieve the desired results.
Finally, a communication strategy for PFM reform is necessary if the reforms and their outcomes are to be communicated both across government and to external stakeholders. The chapter ends by summarising key recommendations for both donors and partner countries for ensuring successful
implementation of PFM reforms.