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Historical Background and International Standards

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Apart from a few earlier cases, systems of public officials' declarations began to evolve into their modern versions after the Second World War (Burdescu et al., 2009, Figure 1, p. 29). In the United States, growing government and recurrent corruption scandals created impetus for initiatives to strengthen public integrity. One of the early political statements regarding the need to impose public disclosure of personal finances on certain federal officials was voiced in the message of President Truman to the Congress in 1951: "With all the questions that are being raised today about the probity and honesty of public officials, I think all of us should be prepared to place the facts about our income on the public record."

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: March 1, 2011


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