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Competition and Regulatory Reform in Commercial Distribution

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This chapter analyses the liberalisation of commercial distribution in recent years, and presents the costs of barriers to entry. The regulatory framework is discussed from a multi‐level perspective, including the 1998 reform and the rising role of regions, with implications in terms of land planning regulations and their interactions with planning regulations for the supply of retail services. The chapter offers a cross regional comparison of regional regulations after the 2001 constitutional reform, with a focus on store size thresholds, authorisation of medium‐sized and large stores, opening hours and promotions and sales. The increasing role of regional regulations through the devolution process makes it difficult to assess the competition implications. The chapter also discusses the specific cases of pharmacies, news agents and petrol stations. Finally, the chapter analyses the scope for co‐ordination mechanisms, including the State, the regions and the municipalities.
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Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2010-02-01

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