Innovative Governance for a Competitive Metro‐Region
Madrid's success has been linked with its institutional resources since the end of Franco's dictatorship. Before the first democratic elections in 1979, the central government controlled the activities of municipalities and appointed the mayors. With the creation of autonomous communities (1979‐1983) and the democratisation of local governments in 1979, a more organised and pro‐active approach towards the development of the region has accomplished in Spain. In Madrid, a specific case where the region fits approximately within the functional area, the regional government has managed to play the role of a metropolitan government with strong legitimacy and resources. This is not the case in many OECD metroregions that lack a metropolitan governance framework. Empowered with strong financial, political and legislative competencies, the region has created a very good infrastructure and delivered a number of policies that have contributed to Madrid's recent economic success. This model has been praised by many scholars and made the envy of many other stakeholders in metropolitan areas that are confronted with the lack of a strong and legitimised metropolitan structure.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2007-10-01