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Licensing and trade controls for environmentally sensitive goods

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In this chapter we assess of the role of licensing schemes in addressing illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods. The experience of licensing systems is reviewed for six agreements: the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES), the EU's Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade Initiative, the Catch Documentation Scheme for Patagonian toothfish of the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), the Rotterdam Convention on chemicals, the Montreal Protocol on ozone‐depleting substances, and the Basel Convention on hazardous waste.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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