Key drivers and main impacts of illegal trade
This chapter examines first the main drivers of illegal trade. This includes economic factors such as cost differentials on the supply side, as well as demand patterns. In addition, the role of governance failures is discussed. An overview of the economic, environmental and social impacts of illegal trade is then provided for five categories of goods: wildlife, fish, timber, ozone‐depleting substances and hazardous waste.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2012-09-01