Skip to main content

Executive summary

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.


This publication reviews the evidence on the key drivers of illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods. This includes factors such as differential costs, as well as enabling conditions such as regulatory and enforcement failures. It also provides an overview of the main economic, social and environmental impacts. The report reviews the data collected by customs and licensing schemes for selected environmentally sensitive goods, including wildlife, fish, timber, ozone‐depleting substances (ODS) and hazardous waste. It examines the extent to which this information can be used to identify and measure illegal trade.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: September 1, 2012


Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more