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Providing safe water and adequate sanitation to the citizens of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) involves unique challenges. Whereas in many parts of the world the challenge is to construct water infrastructure, in EECCA countries, the challenge has been to maintain over‐sized, inefficient infrastructure constructed in the Soviet period. EECCA countries have struggled to face up to this challenge. This has impacted on human health and the environment, and impeded economic development in these countries.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2011-08-01

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