The expansion of economic activity in recent decades has been accompanied by growing environmental concerns at the global scale. These include climate change, energy security and increasing resource scarcity. In response, manufacturing industries have recently shown greater interest in sustainable production (sustainable manufacturing) and in undertaking a number of corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives. Nevertheless, the incremental progress falls far short of meeting these pressing challenges and improvements in efficiency in some regions have in many cases been offset by increasing volumes of consumption and growth in other regions.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 01 January 2010