Abstract:Dutch legislation comprises parliamentary acts, decrees and ministerial ordinances.
‐ The Environmental Management Act (EMA, 1993, as amended) governs the planning framework for environmental authorities, integrated permitting (licensing), compliance monitoring activities, and harmonisation with other environmental laws. The Facilities and Licensing Decree (1993, as amended) specifies the roles and responsibilities of the national, provincial and municipal authorities under the Act. The EMA is a framework act that is supplemented by general administrative orders, provincial and municipal regulations.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: May 1, 2009