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OECD Trade Policy Studies Environmental Requirements and Market Access: The International Fruit Container Organisation (IFCO) Returnable Packaging Initiative

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This chapter discusses a private‐sector initiative in Germany to require the use of recyclable packaging for shipments of fresh fruits and vegetables, following Germany's adoption of regulations requiring the disposal of packaging materials. No efforts were made to consult other countries, and the adoption of the system by developing‐country exporters of fruits, on whom the requirements place a particularly heavy burden, relied mainly on commercial contacts.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2005-11-01

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