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Open Access The study of a possible correlation between serum levels of interleukin 17 and clinical severity in patients with allergic rhinitis

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Introduction:

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is one of the most common allergic diseases, which affects ∼20% of the world's population. T-helper (Th) type 2 cells produce interleukin (IL) 4 and IL-13, and mediate allergic responses, and these cytokines have been extensively studied as key players in the atopic airway diseases. However, the involvement of Th17 cells and IL-17 in AR has not been clearly examined.

Aim:

To reevaluate AR clinical severity with serum IL-17, whether IL-17 affects the disease alone or in contribution with the atopic predisposition.

Patients and Methods:

During an 18-month period, 39 individuals were divided into three groups: A, (13 control), B (13 with mild-to-moderate AR), and C (13 with severe AR). Both group B and group C patients (26) were subjected to clinical examination and allergy skin testing, and to measurement of both total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IL-17 levels. Eleven patients with AR then were exposed to 6 months of cluster immunotherapy, whereas the rest of the patients were not exposed.

Results:

Revealed a significant elevation of serum IL-17 levels with an associated increase in serum IgE in the patients with AR compared with controls and revealed that the serum levels of both total serum IgE and IL-17 decreased significantly after cluster immunotherapy.

Conclusion:

These preliminary results added new data about the use of injective immunotherapy as well as reported on the use of sublingual immunotherapy.
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Keywords: Allergic rhinitis; IL-17 relation to immunotherapy; IgE; correlation between IL-17 and severity; immunotherapy; interleukin 17; severity of allergy

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: From the Microbiology and Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt 2: ENT Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt

Publication date: 2017-10-01

More about this publication?
  • In the fields of rhinology & allergy, as in all medical fields, there is a need for a greater number of journals which publish in the open access format. The underlying spirit of this format is to break down the barriers to knowledge sharing. Allergy & Rhinology, was created to serve this need; and is proud to take the lead in publishing quality research work as an experiment in the open format. As long as the fiscal model works, the Journal shall allow all users the right to freely read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles.

    The academic standard of Allergy & Rhinology is designed to be no different than traditional subscription-based, scientific and scholarly journals in that the quality of the research work which it publishes shall meet the rigors of peer-review and other scholarly quality controls.

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