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Comparative study of morphological and histological changes between differently structured expanded polytetrafluoroethylene implants in an animal model

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Background:

Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE) is a popular graft material used in augmentation rhinoplasty. New e-PTFE has thicker fibrils and is more compact than first developed e-PTFE. This study aimed to compare morphological and histological changes between differently structured e-PTFE implants in a rat model.

Methods:

Two types of e-PTFE were implanted in the cranial region of 30 adult male rats. En bloc specimens containing the implants and surrounding soft tissues were sampled 1, 3, and 6 months after implantation. We measured the three-dimensional size of the implants over time and evaluated histological changes using light and electron microscopy.

Results:

Grossly, no implants were extruded, and there was no evidence of wound infection. All first developed e-PTFE samples were fixed to surrounding tissues after 1 month, whereas new e-PTFE samples tended to migrate and were easily separated from surrounding tissues until 3 months after implantation. The first developed e-PTFE height diminution rate was 14.7% of the initial value after 6 months; however, new e-PTFE size was not changed. Diameter and height diminution rates for first developed e-PTFE were significantly greater than those for new e-PTFE after 6 months. Histologically, connective tissue in growth was observed in first developed e-PTFE after 1 month, and the internodal space decreased over time; however, connective tissue did not infiltrate into new e-PTFE until 6 months and the internodal space was not significantly changed.

Conclusion:

First developed e-PTFE should be carefully trimmed in augmentation because of its potential to decrease in size over time, whereas new e-PTFE is more likely to show migration and instability.
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Keywords: Change; expanded polytetrafluoroethylene; histology; implant; morphology; rat model; rhinoplasty

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Otorhinolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Republic of Korea

Publication date: 01 May 2013

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