Aeroallergen sensitization influences quality of life and comorbidities in patients with nasal polyposis
Nasal polyposis (NP) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that impairs quality of life (QoL). The role of atopy in NP is not established. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and QoL in a broad sample of patients with NP and to evaluate the influence of allergy on this disease.
A multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted in 67 allergy units in Spain. NP and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) hypersensitivity were diagnosed following EP3OS guidelines. Rhinitis and asthma were classified following Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma and the Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines, respectively. Skin tests with a battery of aeroallergens were performed on all patients. A visual analog scale (VAS) and Short-Form 12 (SF-12) and 31-item Rhinosinusitis Outcome Measure (RSOM 31) questionnaires were completed by all the patients.
Of the 671 patients included, 611 were evaluable. Mean age was 46 years and 50% of patients were men. Also, 50% were atopic. Asthma was present in 66% of patients and NSAID hypersensitivity was present in 26%. The most frequent symptoms were nasal congestion and rhinorrhea. Mean value of VAS was 58.6. Global health and bodily pain were the items most frequently identified in the SF-12 questionnaire and nasal and ocular symptoms in the RSOM-31 questionnaire. There was a good correlation between VAS score and QoL (p < 0.0001). Rhinitis was more severe in nonallergic patients. Asthma was more frequent in atopic patients, whereas ASA triad was more frequent in nonatopic patients. Atopic patients showed higher VAS scores and worse QoL.
Atopic NP patients showed worse QoL, higher incidence of asthma and a less severe form of rhinitis than non-atopic patients.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Allergy Service, University Hospital of Salemanca, Spain
Publication date: 2012-09-01
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- The American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy, is a peer reviewed, scientific publication committed to expanding knowledge and publishing the best clinical and basic research within the fields of Rhinology & Allergy. Its focus is to publish information which contributes to improved quality of care for patients with nasal and sinus disorders. Its primary readership consists of otolaryngologists, allergists, and plastic surgeons. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.
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Previously published as American Journal of Rhinology, the journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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