Prevalence and risk factors of chronic rhinosinusitis in Korea
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most common inflammatory diseases with multiple etiologies. Despite its high prevalence, risk factors influencing its prevalence have not been thoroughly revealed. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence and risk factors of CRS in Korea.
The 4098 subjects that participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in the study. Risk factors were categorized into sociodemographic and personal medical factors. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify significant risk factors of CRS. In addition, population attributable risks of the significant factors were calculated to estimate the effect on the population level.
The prevalence of CRS in Korea was 6.95%. Among sociodemographic factors, male sex, old age, and heavy stress were significantly related with CRS. Influenza vaccination, septal deviation, and persistent allergic rhinitis were significant personal medical risk factors of CRS. Among these risk factors, persistent/moderate to severe allergic rhinitis was proven to be the most significant risk factor for CRS at the population level.
Although the prevalence and risk factors vary according to time, place, and diagnostic criteria, periodic epidemiological study on CRS is necessary to reduce socioeconomic expenditure and establish an improved national health care policy.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
Publication date: 2011-05-01
More about this publication?
- The American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy, is a peer reviewed, scientific publication committed to expanding knowledge and publishing the best clinical and basic research within the fields of Rhinology & Allergy. Its focus is to publish information which contributes to improved quality of care for patients with nasal and sinus disorders. Its primary readership consists of otolaryngologists, allergists, and plastic surgeons. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.
Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.
Previously published as American Journal of Rhinology, the journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Information for Advertisers
- Reprint Requests
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites