Impact of age on presentation of chronic rhinosinusitis and outcomes of endoscopic sinus surgery

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Abstract:

Background: As the population ages, the mean age of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) likely will increase as will the frequency of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in the older population. The purpose of this study was to compare symptom presentation, CT scores, endoscopy scores, and quality of life (QOL) measures in patients >60 years of age as compared with younger patients.

Methods: A prospective cohort of 18 patients >60 years and 121 patients ≤60 years undergoing ESS for CRS were studied. Patient factors, symptom severity, and CT scores were examined preoperatively. Endoscopy and QOL scores were compared pre- and postoperatively between the two groups.

Results: The prevalence of allergies, polyps, asthma, aspirin sensitivity, and revision surgery was similar in each age group. There was no statistically significant difference in the visual analog scale scores of symptom severity in each age group. Older patients had scores that were similar to younger patients with regard to CT (13.11 versus 11.63; p = 0.419), preoperative endoscopy (8.22 versus 7.96; p = 0.828), postoperative endoscopy (3.06 versus 4.82; p = 0.100), and change in endoscopy (−5.17 versus −3.15; p = 0.083). Older patients had similar preoperative, postoperative, and change scores when compared with younger patients on the Rhinosinusitis Disability Index (−15.33 versus −20.63; p = 0.318) and Chronic Sinusitis Survey (14.35 versus 23.11; p = 0.126).

Conclusion: Older patients with CRS present with symptoms and patient factors that are comparable with younger patients and have a similar degree of improvement on endoscopy scores and QOL measures after ESS.

Keywords: AGE; CHRONIC RHINOSINUSITIS; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; ENDOSCOPIC SINUS SURGERY; OUTCOME; QUALITY OF LIFE; SYMPTOM SEVERITY; TREATMENT OUTCOME

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/ajr.2007.21.3005

Affiliations: Otolaryngology Clinical and Outcomes Research Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon

Publication date: March 1, 2007

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