Apoptosis and P53 in Inverting Papilloma of the Sinonasal Tract
Authors: Mirza, Natasha; Nofsinger, Yoon Choi; Kroger, Hans; Sato, Yuich; Furth, Emma Elizabeth; Montone, Kathleen T.
Source: American Journal of Rhinology, Volume 13, Number 6, November-December 1999 , pp. 427-434(8)
Publisher: OceanSide Publications, Inc
Abstract:The objective of this study was to identify apoptotic bodies and p53 positivity in inverting papilloma lesions to study these two as biomarkers in premalignant lesions. Archival specimens of 15 patients with inverting papilloma between the years 1992 and 1995 were retrieved. In situ end labeling technique was used to identify apoptotic bodies. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect p53 in the same specimens. The clinical course was evaluated conducting a retrospective chart review in these patients. Compared to normal epithelium, inverting papilloma lesions had a greater proportion of apoptotic bodies, which was nearly statistically significant (average 0.506/100 cells for inverting papilloma compared with 0.1/100 cells for the normal surrounding tissue). Four cases of inverting papilloma were p53 positive. There was, however, no association between p53 positive staining and the apoptotic rate. The minimum follow-up for patients was 2 years. All had a uniformly good clinical outcome with only one patient who was p53 positive showing concurrent squamous cell carcinoma. We concluded that inverting papilloma contained a higher average number of apoptotic bodies compared with normal surrounding sinonasal tissue. This showed a trend toward a positive between the apoptotic rate and premalignancy, suggesting both increased cellular proliferation and increased cell death may occur in such lesions. In this study p53 did not show a positive association with the apoptotic rate, suggesting that p53 may not be directly involved in the apoptotic regulatory pathway in inverting papillomas.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1999-11-01