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Efficacy and safety of beclomethasone dipropionate breath-actuated or metered-dose inhaler in pediatric patients with asthma

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Background:

Breath-actuated inhalers (BAI) eliminate the need for hand-breath coordination and, therefore, simplify the delivery of inhaled medication.

Objective:

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of beclomethasone dipropionate BAI and metered-dose inhaler (MDI) versus placebo in pediatric patients ages 4‐11 years with persistent asthma.

Methods:

In this double-blind, double-dummy, phase III study, 628 children with persistent asthma were randomly assigned (1:1:1:1:1) to twice-daily beclomethasone dipropionate (BAI 80 μg/day, BAI 160 μg/day, MDI 80 μg/day, or MDI 160 μg/day) or to placebo. Efficacy over 12 weeks was assessed by spirometry, peak expiratory flow (PEF) measurements and other clinical end points. The primary efficacy end point was the baseline-adjusted trough morning percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (PPFEV1) area under the effect curve from 0 to 12 weeks (AUEC[0‐12 weeks]).

Results:

PPFEV1 AUEC(0‐12 weeks) showed numerical improvements from baseline in the BAI 80 μg/day and BAI 160 μg/day groups and MDI 80 μg/day and MDI 160 μg/day groups; however, these improvements were not significant versus placebo for any group after hierarchical testing was applied. Consistent improvements were noted in the active treatment groups versus placebo for the weekly average trough morning and evening PEFs, and with BAI 80 μg/day versus placebo for rescue albuterol/salbutamol use and the total daily asthma symptom score. Most patients indicated that the BAI device was easy or very easy to use. Adverse events were comparable across the groups; the incidence of oral candidiasis ranged from 0.8 to 3.2%.

Conclusions:

Although the primary efficacy end point was not demonstrated, consistent improvements in PEF and other clinical end points were observed with beclomethasone dipropionate BAI, particularly at the 80 μg/day dose. These clinical benefits, combined with the need for better symptom control in children with asthma, supported the development of beclomethasone dipropionate BAI.
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Keywords: Antiasthmatic agents; adverse event; aerosol; beclomethasone dipropionate; breath-actuated inhaler; controlled clinical trial; corticosteroids; inhalation; pulmonary function; tolerability

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2017-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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