Skip to main content

Open Access Efficacy and safety of omalizumab in children and adolescents with moderate-to-severe asthma: A systematic literature review

Download Article:
 Download
(HTML 52.42578125 kb)
 
or
 Download
(PDF 96.7255859375 kb)
 
Background:

There are limited pediatric data about the use of omalizumab, especially the effectiveness and safety of omalizumab in the real-world management of allergic asthma.

Objective:

The objective of this study was to summarize the safety and efficacy of omalizumab in both randomized clinical trials (RCT) used for U.S. Food and Drug Administration registration and real-world studies (RWS) based on clinical care of children with moderate-to-severe asthma.

Methods:

Studies that evaluated omalizumab use in patients <18 years old and with asthma, published between January 2003 and October 2016, were retrieved from medical literature data bases. Assessed outcomes included the following: exacerbation rates, spirometric indices, changes in asthma medication use, asthma control, patient-reported outcomes, and health care resource utilization.

Results:

A total of five RWS were identified; outcomes reported were compared with three omalizumab RCTs. Overall, the mean rate of annual exacerbations was significantly lower after 6 months to 2 years of treatment with omalizumab in both RCTs and RWS. In two RCTs and three RWS, inhaled corticosteroid use was significantly reduced in patients who used omalizumab. Similar reductions in the use of rescue medication were also observed in the RCTs and RWS on omalizumab. Real-world evidence demonstrated improvement in forced expiratory volume in the first second of expiration (% predicted) in patients treated with omalizumab as well as significant improvement in the level of asthma control observed over 1 year. There also was evidence that omalizumab treatment reduced health care resource utilization, including fewer hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and unscheduled medical visits. Safety outcomes in all five RWS showed no new safety signals and demonstrated that omalizumab was well tolerated.

Conclusion:

Overall, RCT evidence strongly supported omalizumab efficacy and safety as add-on treatment in children 6 to 11 years old with moderate-to-severe persistent allergic asthma. RWS data confirmed these findings in an extended patient population of children and adolescents that is more generalizable to the actual day-to-day management of these patients.
No References for this article.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Allergic asthma; asthma control; corticosteroids; exacerbations; omalizumab; pediatric; pulmonary function; real-world; steroid sparing; treatment outcome

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2017-07-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Reprint Requests
  • www.AJRA.com
  • www.AllergyandRhinology.com
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more