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Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and waning pneumococcal antibody titers among individuals with atopy

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Abstract:

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations are positively associated with pneumococcal antibody titers (PATs) in subjects with atopy or asthma. Little is known about the association of serum 25(OH)D concentrations and the waning of PATs over time in subjects with or without atopy. This study was designed to determine whether serum 25(OH)D concentrations are associated with waning of PATs and if such relationship is modified by atopic conditions. The study was designed as a prospective cohort study, which followed 20 asthmatic patients and 19 individuals without asthma for an average of 12 months. We measured PATs and serum 25(OH)D concentrations at baseline and at a subsequent follow-up visit. Asthma was ascertained by predetermined criteria. The association between serum 25(OH)D concentrations and PATs was determined by Pearson's correlation coefficient and a least square model. Of the 39 children and adults, 21(53%) were male subjects, all were white, and 6 (15%) were children. There was an overall negative correlation between serum 25(OH)D concentrations and the decrease of PATs during follow-up (r = −0.47; p = 0.004), suggesting that higher 25(OH)D concentrations were associated with a reduction in waning of PATs over time. Controlling for follow-up duration and pneumococcal colonization, these trends were significant among asthmatic patients but not in individuals without asthma. Similar trends were observed for individuals with or without other atopic conditions. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations are inversely associated with the waning of PATs over time, especially individuals with asthma and other atopy conditions. These study findings deserve further investigation.

Keywords: 25(OH)D; Allergic rhinitis; asthma; atopic dermatitis; atopy; pneumococcal antibody titer; vitamin D

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2500/aap.2013.34.3656

Affiliations: Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA

Publication date: 2013-07-01

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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