Bacterial biofilms and chronic rhinosinusitis

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Abstract:

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a highly prevalent disease in the adult and pediatric population. It causes significant burden and the management is considered one of the most costly public health conditions. Comorbidities include asthma, aspirin sensitivity, and nasal polyposis. Staphylococcus aureus biofilms and exotoxins that act as superantigens have been implicated to play an important pathological role in the incidence, maintenance, and ongoing burden of CRS. A better understanding of the interplay between bacterial factors, host factors, and the environment will facilitate better management of this disease. This literature review focuses on these factors and highlights current research in this field.

Keywords: Asthma; Staphylococcus aureus; biofilms; chronic sinusitis; nasal polyposis; review; rhinosinusitis; superantigens

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2013.34.3665

Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Nassau University Medical Center, an affiliation of North Shore Long Island Jewish Health Care System, East Meadow, New York, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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