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Chronic rhinosinusitis: Epidemiology and cost

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Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most common chronic diseases and is associated with a high socioeconomic burden from direct and indirect costs. Its estimated prevalence ranges widely, from 2 to 16%. It is more common in female subjects, aged 18‐64 years, and in southern and midwestern regions of the United States. CRS is more prevalent in patients with comorbid diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and environmental allergies. Few studies examine patient ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographic location, and cultural factors in CRS populations. This article provides an overview of the epidemiology, racial variations, and economic burden of CRS.
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Keywords: Age; burden of illness; chronic rhinosinusitis; comorbidity; cost of disease; epidemiology; ethnicity; gender; geography; prevalence; smoking

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Publication date: 2013-07-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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