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Small airway dysfunction by impulse oscillometry in asthmatic patients with normal forced expiratory volume in the 1st second values

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Abstract:

Small airways are relevant to the pathophysiology of asthma. We investigated whether in asthmatic patients with normal forced expiratory volume in the 1st second (FEV1) values, impulse oscillometry system (IOS), as a measure of small airway function, contributed additional information to spirometry either at baseline or after bronchodilator, and whether it was related to the disease control. The fall in resistance from 5 to 20 Hz (R5‐R20) and reactance at 5 Hz (X5) by IOS and spirometry measures of small airway function (forced expiratory flow at 25‐75% [FEF25‐75] and forced vital capacity/slow inspiratory vital capacity [FVC/SVC]) at baseline and after 400 micrograms of salbutamol were prospectively measured in 33 asthmatic patients (18 women; age range, 18‐66 years). Disease control was assessed by the Asthma Control Test (ACT). R5‐R20 but not X5 values were significantly related to FEF25‐75 and FVC/SVC values (p < 0.05 for both correlations). When the bronchodilator response was assessed, no correlation was found among IOS and spirometry changes. ACT scores were related to R5‐R20, FEF25‐75, and FVC/SVC values (p < 0.01 for all correlations). In asthmatic patients with normal FEV1 values, R5‐R20 values were related to spirometry measures of small airway function. However, when the bronchodilator response was assessed, IOS and spirometry provided quite different results. Moreover, small airway dysfunction, as assessed by IOS and spirometry, was associated with poor disease control and history of asthma exacerbations. The results of this study confirm the value of IOS, as an investigative tool, and suggest that in asthmatic patients with normal FEV1 values and poor disease control, small airway function should be investigated.

Keywords: Airway inflammation; asthma pathophysiology; impulse oscillometry; small airway disease; spirometry

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2013.34.3641

Affiliations: Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Respiratory Disease and Lung Function Unit, University of Parma, Parma, Italy

Publication date: January 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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