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A 55-year-old man with severe persistent asthma poorly responsive to asthma therapy

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Asthma is often triggered by allergic and nonallergic factors in atopic individuals and readily responds to anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator therapy. The differential diagnosis for poorly responsive disease includes severe persistent asthma with associated allergic rhinitis, cardiac disorders such as left ventricular failure or mitral stenosis, vocal cord dysfunction, gastroesophageal reflux disease, recurrent aspiration, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, sarcoidosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, bronchiectasis, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, airway neoplasm, and Churg-Strauss vasculitis. A careful history and physical in conjunction with appropriate screening of laboratory information will usually direct the clinician to the correct diagnosis.

Keywords: Allergic rhinitis; alpha-1-antitrypsin; asthma; atopy; bronchiectasis; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; emphysema

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2012.33.3592

Affiliations: University Of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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