Comparison of nasal steroid with antihistamine in prophylactic treatment against pollinosis using an environmental challenge chamber
Abstract:Environmental challenge chambers (ECC) have been used to expose people to pollen allergens within a stable atmosphere and to examine the efficacy of treatment. Although pollinosis is one of the typical IgE-mediated type I allergic diseases, allergic inflammation is thought to contribute to the fundamental pathogenesis and prophylactic treatment may reduce exacerbations of pollinosis. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of prophylactic treatment with nasal steroid (mometasone furoate nasal spray) or an antihistamine (fexofenadine) in the control of cedar pollinosis using the ECC. In a randomized, double-blind two-way crossover study, 48 patients received nasal steroid or antihistamine for 7 consecutive days (days 1‐7). On day 8, patients were exposed to cedar pollen (8000 grains/m3) in the ECC for 3 hours. Nasal symptoms induced by pollen exposure were assessed. Total nasal symptom scores (TNSSs) during the exposure in the ECC were not significantly different between the antihistamine and the nasal steroid groups. Nasal symptoms induced by pollen exposure using the ECC persisted for up to 3 days. TNSSs after pollen exposure on days 8‐11 were significantly lower in the nasal steroid group compared with the antihistamine group. Prophylactic treatment with nasal steroid is more effective than antihistamine against pollinosis, particularly in the late phase. Clinical trial registration JAPIC CTI 101182 (
Keywords: Antihistamine; cedar pollinosis; double-blind two-way crossover study; environmental challenge chamber; late-phase reaction; nasal steroid; prophylactic treatment; randomized; total nasal symptom score
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan
Publication date: September 1, 2012
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