Integrated phase III trials of bepotastine besilate ophthalmic solution 1.5% for ocular itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis
Abstract:Allergic conjunctivitis is a clinical reaction to environmental allergens and is manifested by ocular itching caused by IgE-induced mast cell degranulation. Bepotastine besilate is a selective H1-antagonist with mast cell stabilizing properties. This report examines the reduction of ocular itching integrated from two conjunctival allergen challenge (CAC) clinical trials comparing bepotastine besilate ophthalmic solution (BBOS) 1.5% to placebo in subjects with a history of allergic conjunctivitis. Two phase III, double-masked, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, CAC clinical trials evaluated BBOS 1.5% versus placebo to reduce ocular itching. Eligible subjects were randomly assigned 1:1 to either BBOS 1.5% (n = 78) or placebo (n = 79). Ocular itching was graded by subjects using a standardized scale (0‐4 U). Adverse events and ophthalmic clinical findings were recorded for safety. BBOS 1.5% was superior to placebo for reducing CAC-induced ocular itching (p < 0.0001) as early as 3 minutes post-CAC and for at least 8 hours after dosing. Post hoc analyses examining several populations also showed a significant improvement (p < 0.0001) for subjects with more severe itching response at screening and for the proportion of subjects with complete or nearly complete resolution of CAC-induced itching, both outcomes supporting the clinical benefit of BBOS 1.5%. Adverse events were generally transient and mild. BBOS 1.5% is safe and effective in the treatment of ocular itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis within 3 minutes of a CAC and with a sustained duration of action of at least 8 hours. (ClinicalTrials.gov numbers: NCT00424398 and NCT00586664).
Keywords: Allergic conjunctivitis; IgE; allergy; antihistamine; bepotastine besilate; conjunctival allergen challenge; histamine receptor antagonist; mast cell degranulation; ocular itching; randomized clinical trial
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2012
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