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Allergic conjunctivitis: The evolution of therapeutic options

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Abstract:

The eye has become the target of intense pharmacologic development because it represents one of the most active sites of allergic inflammation, due to it having no mechanical barrier to prevent the impact of allergens such as pollen on its surface. Over the past 20 years, we have witnessed an astonishing growth in therapeutic advances, ranging essentially from derivatives of simple aspirin to various newly developed biological immunomodulatory agents, using implantable drug delivery devices that exceed the safety and efficacy of those available for other organ systems and resorting to advanced surgical techniques for the correction of sight-threatening, disease-related complications. Overall, with the expanding knowledge base, the intricacy of ocular inflammation appears to be becoming ever more manageable and the clinical allergist/immunologist has an increasing role in the treatment outcomes of patients with anterior inflammatory disorders of the ocular surface primarily allergic conjunctivitis but also including dry eye syndromes.

Keywords: Allergy therapeutics; dual/multiple action agents; eye allergy; intranasal steroids; ocular allergy; ophthalmic allergy treatment

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2012.33.3525

Publication date: March 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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