Update on angioedema: Evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment

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Abstract:

Hereditary Angioedema (HAE) is a multisystem, autosomal dominant disease that affects ∼1:10,000 to 1:50,000 individuals in the United States. The disease has several clinical characteristics that distinguish it from other forms of angioedema. Recurrent swelling attacks involve the abdomen, face, extremities, genitalia, oropharynx, or larynx without urticaria. The swelling attacks are typically unilateral, nonpitting, nonpruritic, and, although uncomfortable, are often painless. Other forms of isolated angioedema such as acquired angioedema and angiotensin-converting enzyme‐induced angioedema have similar characteristics of HAE. Therefore, evaluation of patients with recurrent angioedema should be directed at excluding these different forms of angioedema before a diagnosis of idiopathic angioedema is made. The objective of this article is to provide an overview of the differential diagnosis of angioedema that reflects the angioedema guidelines that are currently in development.

Keywords: angioedema; extremities; family; history; inherited; swelling; urticaria

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2011.32.3469

Publication date: November 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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