Phenotypes of IgE-mediated food allergy in Turkish children
Data on food allergy‐related comorbid diseases and the knowledge on factors associating specific food types with specific allergic outcomes are limited. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical spectrum of IgE-dependent food allergy and the specific food-related phenotypes in a group of children with IgE-mediated food allergy. Children diagnosed with IgE-mediated food allergy were included in a cross-sectional study. IgE-mediated food allergy was diagnosed in the presence of specific IgE or skin-prick test and a consistent and clear-cut history of food-related symptoms or positive open provocation test. Egg (57.8%), cow's milk (55.9%), hazelnut (21.9%), peanut (11.7%), walnut (7.6%), lentil (7.0%), wheat (5.7%), and beef (5.7%) were the most common food allergies in children with food allergy. The respiratory symptoms and pollen sensitization were more frequent in children with isolated tree nuts‐peanut allergy compared with those with egg or milk allergy (p < 0.001); whereas atopic dermatitis was more frequent in children with isolated egg allergy compared with those with isolated cow's milk and tree nuts‐peanut allergy (p < 0.001). Children with food allergy were 3.1 (p = 0.003) and 2.3 (p = 0.003) times more likely to have asthma in the presence of allergic rhinitis and tree nuts‐peanut allergy, respectively. Interestingly, children with atopic dermatitis were 0.5 (p = 0.005) times less likely to have asthma. Asthma (odds ratio [OR], 2.3; p = 0.002) and having multiple food allergies (OR, 5.4; p < 0.001) were significant risk factors for anaphylaxis. The phenotypes of IgE-mediated food allergy are highly heterogeneous and some clinical phenotypes may be associated with the specific type of food and the number of food allergies.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 November 2011
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