Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common pediatric skin disorders. Because treatment involves allergen avoidance, dietary changes, and behavior modification, multidisciplinary treatment models have been used to complement conventional medication therapy. However, predictors
of clinical response in these multidisciplinary models have not been studied. This study examined factors associated with a reduction in AD severity in a multidisciplinary outpatient pediatric AD treatment program providing medical, nutritional, and behavioral support. Data were collected
from 170 patients between 2001 and 2006. The Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) score was determined at the time of each visit. Using a logistic regression model, we investigated the association of baseline demographic and clinical characteristics with clinical outcome. We also analyzed
the association between improvement in the EASI score and behavioral changes. One hundred thirty-eight patients had significantly improved EASI scores, and 32 patients were nonresponders. Responders had a median improvement of 79% in their EASI score, whereas nonresponders had a 53% worsening
of their EASI score (p < 0.0001) and a significantly worse absolute EASI score (p < 0.001). Predictors of clinical success included baseline EASI score, baseline age, and improved parental adherence to treatment recommendations. Improvement in the EASI score significantly correlated
with quality-of-life measures: decreased itching and scratching, difficulty sleeping, and parental concerns about side effects. A multidisciplinary model of AD treatment has the best clinical outcomes in younger patients with severe AD. Ensuring parental compliance with treatment recommendations
is important for clinical response.
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predictors of clinical response;
quality of life;
Document Type: Research Article
Division of Immunology, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts Presented at the meeting of the American Academy of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Publication date: 2011-09-01
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Allergy and Asthma Proceedings
is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.
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Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.
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